Horizontal retort furnace

Category Industrial facilities

Subcategory Furnace hall

Year of manufacture/creation the 1970s

Manufacturer/author Gazobudowa Wrocław

Place of manufacture/creation Wrocław, Poland

Size Height: 760 cm
Width: 465 cm
Length: 420 cm

Material chamotte brick, silica brick, cast iron, steel, red brick

Museum/Storage location Gasworks Museum in Paczków

Date of admission to the museum 1991

Rights to the exhibit Gasworks Museum in Paczków

Rights to digital images public domain


Exhibit description

Gas was born in the belly of a retort furnace. This was where bituminous coal relinquished its gaseous soul, when heated to infernal temperatures exceeding 1000 degrees Celsius. The retort furnace was also a starting point for the gas embarking on a long journey. In subsequent stages, the gas became cooler and cleaner, to finally reach the kitchen and heat the water in the radiators.

The furnace is, therefore, the “heart” of the gasworks and the starting point for the gas travelling through the “bloodstream” of the gas network. The furnace consists of a retort – where the coal was loaded into and then heated, the generator – where the combustion of coke took place, and a receiver that sucked the gas from the retort.

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